If we can accurately remember an event that marked us, we acknowledge that some memories fade over time. To correct these deficiencies, our brain fills in the gaps… sometimes by making mistakes. A study published in a very serious journal Plus one revealed These deficits can also affect short or very short term memory.
According to Marte Otten, a researcher at the University of Amsterdam and lead author of the study, these memory errors emerge. “Especially when there are high expectations of how the world should be, to write Guardian. As our memory begins to fade — after a second and a half, two seconds, three seconds — we begin to fill it with our expectations.
To support their statements, the scientists conducted some experiments. One of them is to present participants with a set of six to eight letters, including a mirror representation arranged in a circle. After a fraction of a second, they were presented with a second circle with instructions to forget what was inside – “A way to distract them”, Notice it Guardian. They were asked to remember the letter in the first circle at a particular location and to indicate whether it was represented as normal or mirrored. Finally, they had to rate their confidence in their answer.
“Results 23 Respondents often reported high confidence in their answers, with the most common error being getting the format of the ‘target letter’ wrong. [en miroir ou non]”, A British newspaper mentions. The latter adds that this error was even greater when the requested letter reflected: “Participants reported seeing the real letter when shown the mirror letter in 37% of cases, a percentage that dropped to 11% in the opposite case.
According to the researchers, these results suggest that the errors made were due to participants knowing the alphabet and relying on their expectations rather than what they actually observed.
Marte Otten has noticed that even after a speech such phenomena occur, the details are very quickly replaced by an idea and a general meaning … It is undoubtedly easy to remember.