- For a long time, the origin of the horse in the Americas and their mastery by indigenous peoples has been a matter of controversy.
- Although history dates back to 1680 to associate Native Americans with horses, the oral tradition of Native peoples indicates that they have always been by their side.
- A study published in the journal Science It shows that the tribes of the American Great Plains had horses much earlier than the history written by recorded settlers.
Textbooks on American history definitely need reprinting. Anyway, a nice dust up on Native Americans and their relationship with horses. According to various chronicles established by Europeans, the first interactions between horses and indigenous peoples date back to the Pueblos Rebellion of 1680.
A story that the Comans, Lakota or Pawnee never adhered to. Because to them, as Chief Joe is the leader of the American Horse, Oglala Lakota Oyate, “Horses were a part of us long before other cultures came to our lands, and we are a part of them”. This distinguished member of the Amerindian community co-signed an article with 87 scientists, which appeared in a very prestigious journal. Journal of Sciencee. The study undermines part of the history of the American plains, some have taken it for granted.
Already in 1600, but still of Iberian origin
Thanks to animal fossils including DNA, a fascinating time machine, these researchers were able to prove that the horse had indeed existed in the American West since the early 16th century. “With the exception of a few indigenous peoples, the accepted model is that Native American peoples actually tamed their horses during the Pueblo rebellion. We have carbon 14 dated archaeological remains of horses associated with native Amerindian environments to 1600. This means that the connection between the horse and the Amerindians must be predated by about a century. This is important. . . because it shows the limit. the historical approach when engaging in genocide, when there is colonialism,” he says Ludovic Orlando of Center for Anthropology and Genetics (CNRS-UT3) of Toulouse.
For more than ten years, with his team of geneticists, he has sequenced the DNA of more than a thousand horses that lived in the four corners of the planet, whether contemporary or 12,000 years old. Thanks to a molecule that never lies and is unaffected by the twists and turns of history, he succeeded in proving in 2018 that Brzewalski’s horse, thought to be the last survivor of domestication, actually left the wild 5,500 years ago.
A small revolution at the time prompted some experts to show up on their high horses. Yvette, a doctoral student from the Lakota community, has a voice that represents running horse Callin talking to her. The project was born out of the history of the horse of the American plains, a crossroad between scientists of the western world and scientists of indigenous nations on both sides of the Atlantic.
The impact of colonization even on animal DNA
“The archeology presented in our research illustrates all the benefits of developing an honest and equitable partnership with indigenous communities,” asserts Carlton Shields, Chief Governor, Pawnee archaeologist and co-author of the study, which still leaves outstanding issues.
Because while they found that the horse was indeed a companion of native peoples in the 1600s, sequencing showed that these early 17th-century horses weren’t brought back by the Vikings in the 11th century, and they weren’t in the Americas all that time. But they are of Iberian origin. So how did they get there? since when
If we have to wait for new fossils to provide the beginning of an answer to the date of their presence on the American plains, one thing is certain.
Once they arrived, like the men, colonialism did not leave them. Teams of scientists today have sequenced the horses of the indigenous people, and in addition to their Iberian ancestry, there are now English traces. “It is astonishing to realize that colonialism has not only affected humans, but has “genocide’d’ them and subjugated them. He recorded that by rewriting the genetic heritage of their favorite animal. Colonialism is not only a human-to-human affair, but also a human-environment affair,” concludes Ludovic Orlando. A New Perspective Worker.